A community-based cluster randomised trial of safe storage to reduce pesticide self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: study protocol

Pearson, Melissa, Flemming Konradsen, David Gunnell, Andrew H. Dawson, Ravi Pieris, Manjula Weerasinghe, Duleeka W. Knipe et al. “A community-based cluster randomised trial of safe storage to reduce pesticide self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: study protocol.” BMC public health 11, no. 1 (2011): 879. abstract: Background The WHO recognises pesticide poisoning to be the single most … Continue Reading »

Evaluation of the Test-mate ChE (Cholinesterase) Field Kit in Acute Organophosphorus Poisoning

Rajapakse, Bishan N., Horst Thiermann, Peter Eyer, Franz Worek, Steven J. Bowe, Andrew H. Dawson, and Nicholas A. Buckley. “Evaluation of the Test-mate ChE (cholinesterase) field kit in acute organophosphorus poisoning.”Annals of emergency medicine 58, no. 6 (2011): 559-564. abstract: Study objective Measurement of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is recommended in the management of organophosphorus poisoning, which results … Continue Reading »

Adverse effects of activated charcoal used for the treatment of poisoning

Qureshi, Zeshan, and Michael Eddleston. “Adverse effects of activated charcoal used for the treatment of poisoning.” Adverse Drug Reaction Bulletin 266 (2011): 1023-1026. abstract: The incidence of adverse effects of activated charcoal in poisoned patients is unclear. We performed a search of PubMed, EMBASE, and Ovid to identify large cohorts, and both randomized and pseudorandomized … Continue Reading »

Psychological distress among patients with organophosphorus or paraquat poisoning

Jayasinghe, S. S. “Psychological distress among patients with organophosphorus or paraquat poisoning.” Galle Medical Journal 16, no. 2 (2011): 8-12. abstract: Introduction Recognition of psychological distress following intentional self poisoning is important. The most widely used screening test for psychological distress is the Goldberg’s General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). It is available in versions as short as … Continue Reading »

Medical management of paraquat ingestion

Gawarammana, Indika B., and Nicholas A. Buckley. “Medical management of paraquat ingestion.” British journal of clinical pharmacology 72, no. 5 (2011): 745-757. abstract: Poisoning by paraquat herbicide is a major medical problem in parts of Asia while sporadic cases occur elsewhere. The very high case fatality of paraquat is due to inherent toxicity and lack … Continue Reading »

Method of stabilizing blood for the determination of methemoglobin

Shihana, Fathima, Andrew H. Dawson, and Dhammika M. Dissanayake. “Method of stabilizing blood for the determination of methemoglobin.” Journal of clinical laboratory analysis 25, no. 5 (2011): 366-368. abstract: Methemoglobin (MetHb) is a significant clinical problem for some poisonings. Its measurement is a problem as both formation and reduction of MetHb can occur even after … Continue Reading »

Effects of Deliberate Ingestion of Organophosphate or Paraquat on Brain Stem Auditory-Evoked Potentials

Jayasinghe, Sudheera Sammanthi, and Kithsiri Dedduwa Pathirana. “Effects of deliberate ingestion of organophosphate or paraquat on brain stem auditory-evoked potentials.” Journal of medical toxicology 7, no. 4 (2011): 277-280. abstract: Organophosphate (OP) and paraquat (PQ) ingestion is a serious health problem. A common pathology behind OP or PQ poisoning is the generation of reactive oxygen … Continue Reading »

Delayed psychological morbidity associated with snakebite envenoming

Williams, Shehan S., Chamara A. Wijesinghe, Shaluka F. Jayamanne, Nicholas A. Buckley, Andrew H. Dawson, David G. Lalloo, and H. Janaka de Silva. “Delayed psychological morbidity associated with snakebite envenoming.” PLoS neglected tropical diseases 5, no. 8 (2011): e1255. abstract: Introduction The psychological impact of snakebite on its victims, especially possible late effects, has not been … Continue Reading »

Simultaneous quantification of carbamate insecticides in human plasma by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry

Mostafa, Ahmed, Gregory Medley, Darren M. Roberts, Mosaad Sayed Mohamed, Abdalla A. Elshanawani, Michael S. Roberts, and Xin Liu. “Simultaneous quantification of carbamate insecticides in human plasma by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.” Journal of Chromatography B 879, no. 23 (2011): 2234-2238. abstract: Carbofuran (CFN), carbosulfan (CSN) and fenobucarb (FBC) are carbamate pesticides that are widely … Continue Reading »

The in vitro toxicity of venoms from South Asian Hump-nosed pit vipers (Viperidae: Hypnale)

Maduwage, Kalana, Wayne C. Hodgson, Nicki Konstantakopoulos, Margaret A. O’Leary, Indika Gawarammana, and Geoffrey K. Isbister. “The in vitro toxicity of venoms from South Asian hump-nosed pit vipers (Viperidae: Hypnale).”Journal of venom research 2 (2011): 17. abstract: Hump-nosed pit vipers (Genus Hypnale) are venomous snakes from South India and Sri Lanka. Envenoming by Hypnale species … Continue Reading »